Arduino y algunas aplicaciones

Start Date: 10/25/2020

Course Type: Common Course

Course Link: https://www.coursera.org/learn/arduino-aplicaciones

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About Course

Arduino es una iniciativa empleada para simplificar el uso de los microcontroladores, que surgió en 2005 como resultado de un proyecto de estudiantes en el Instituto IVREA. Nació con el objetivo de disminuir el costo de los microcontroladores, que entonces los estudiantes empleaban para sus proyectos y que resultaban demasiado costosos. Actualmente tiene diferentes usos, como la aplicación de desarrolladores de diseños artísticos e interactivos; de igual forma, muchas personas utilizan Arduino para incursionar en aplicaciones tecnológicas, como la automatización y la robótica. Su aplicación, aunque pudiera parecer limitada a áreas de la ciencia muy especializadas, es en realidad común, al encontrarla en un cajero automático, un calentador de agua, la pluma de un estacionamiento o las puertas de una plaza o supermercado, y es que este tipo de herramientas, que facilitan nuestra vida diaria, están basadas en un pequeño microcontrolador, cuya tarea está dictada por un programa. Programar es algo que hacemos día con día al planear nuestras actividades, pero si nos detenemos a organizar aquello que hacemos de manera inconsciente, obtendremos una serie ordenada de pasos que nos llevarán a un objetivo; si tenemos esto claro seremos capaces de planear actividades más complejas. En este curso utilizaremos Arduino UNO para realizar dos prototipos que muestran el funcionamiento de dispositivos, como un chaleco para ciclista y un pastillero. No es requisito tener conocimientos de programación; sin embargo, conforme avances en el estudio de este curso probablemente necesites reforzar e investigar sobre algunos de los aspectos que aquí se expliquen. A través de las actividades y material didáctico de este curso aprenderás a aplicar la tarjeta Arduino y podrás adquirir y reforzar nociones básicas de programación, utilizando una herramienta de fácil acceso, que te permitirá además elaborar posteriores proyectos de tu interés. Subtítulos disponibles en español. Cuatro semanas de estudio. 2-4 horas por semana.

Course Syllabus

En este módulo identificaremos las zonas del entorno de desarrollo integrado (IDE), para posteriormente empezar a realizar códigos de programación, empleando las entradas y salidas digitales de la tarjeta Arduino; con ello podremos desarrollar un prototipo de señalización para ciclista.

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Course Introduction

Arduino es una iniciativa empleada para simplificar el uso de los microcontroladores, que surgió en

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Article Example
Arduino Nevertheless, an official Bill of Materials of Arduino boards has never been released by Arduino staff.
Arduino In January 2015, Arduino LLC file a lawsuit against Arduino SRL.
Arduino In early 2008, the five cofounders of the Arduino project created a company, Arduino LLC, to hold the trademarks associated with Arduino. The manufacture and sale of the boards was to be done by external companies, and Arduino LLC would get a royalty from them. The founding bylaws of Arduino LLC specified that each of the five founders transfer ownership of the Arduino brand to the newly formed company.
Arduino A minimal Arduino C/C++ sketch, as seen by the Arduino IDE programmer, consist of only two functions:
Arduino The original Arduino hardware was produced by the Italian company Smart Projects. Some Arduino-branded boards have been designed by the American companies SparkFun Electronics and Adafruit Industries. , 17 versions of the Arduino hardware have been commercially produced.
Arduino At the World Maker Faire in New York on October 1, 2016, Arduino LLC co-founder and CEO Massimo Banzi and Arduino SRL CEO Federico Musto announced the merger of the two Arduino companies.
Arduino Many Arduino-compatible and Arduino-derived boards exist. Some are functionally equivalent to an Arduino and can be used interchangeably. Many enhance the basic Arduino by adding output drivers, often for use in school-level education, to simplify making buggies and small robots. Others are electrically equivalent but change the form factor, sometimes retaining compatibility with shields, sometimes not. Some variants use different processors, of varying compatibility.
Arduino Arduino and Arduino-compatible boards use printed circuit expansion boards called "shields", which plug into the normally supplied Arduino pin headers. Shields can provide motor controls for 3D printing and other applications, Global Positioning System (GPS), Ethernet, liquid crystal display (LCD), or breadboarding (prototyping). Several shields can also be made do it yourself (DIY).
Arduino A program written with the IDE for Arduino is called a "sketch". Sketches are saved on the development computer as text files with the file extension ".ino". Arduino Software (IDE) pre-1.0 saved sketches with the extension ".pde".
Arduino At the end of 2008, Gianluca Martino's company, Smart Projects, registered the Arduino trademark in Italy and kept this a secret from the other cofounders for about two years. This was revealed when the Arduino company tried to register the trademark in other areas of the world (they originally registered only in the US), and discovered that it was already registered in Italy. Negotiations with Gianluca and his firm to bring the trademark under control of the original Arduino company failed. In 2014, Smart Projects began refusing to pay royalties. They then appointed a new CEO, Mr. Musto, who renamed the company to Arduino SRL and created a website named arduino.org, copying the graphics and layout of the original Arduino.cc. This resulted in a rift in the Arduino development team. All Arduino boards are still available to consumers so the implications of this are uncertain.
Arduino The Arduino IDE supports the languages C and C++ using special rules of code structuring. The Arduino IDE supplies a software library from the Wiring project, which provides many common input and output procedures. User-written code only requires two basic functions, for starting the sketch and the main program loop, that are compiled and linked with a program stub "main()" into an executable cyclic executive program with the GNU toolchain, also included with the IDE distribution. The Arduino IDE employs the program "avrdude" to convert the executable code into a text file in hexadecimal encoding that is loaded into the Arduino board by a loader program in the board's firmware.
Arduino Although the hardware and software designs are freely available under copyleft licenses, the developers have requested that the name "Arduino" be exclusive to the official product and not be used for derived works without permission. The official policy document on use of the Arduino name emphasizes that the project is open to incorporating work by others into the official product. Several Arduino-compatible products commercially released have avoided the project name by using various names ending in "-duino".
Arduino The Arduino project received an honorary mention in the Digital Communities category at the 2006 Prix Ars Electronica.
Arduino In May 2015, Arduino LLC created the worldwide trademark "Genuino", used as brand name outside the United States.
Arduino Most Arduino boards contain a light-emitting diode (LED) and a load resistor connected between pin 13 and ground, which is a convenient feature for many tests and program functions. A typical program for a beginning Arduino programmer blinks an LED repeatedly.
Arduino Arduino is open-source hardware. The hardware reference designs are distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike 2.5 license and are available on the Arduino website. Layout and production files for some versions of the hardware are also available. The source code for the IDE is released under the GNU General Public License, version 2.
Arduino Arduino is an open source, computer hardware and software company, project, and user community that designs and manufactures microcontroller kits for building digital devices and interactive objects that can sense and control objects in the physical world. The project's products are distributed as open-source hardware and software, which are licensed under the GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) or the GNU General Public License (GPL), permitting the manufacture of Arduino boards and software distribution by anyone. Arduino boards are available commercially in preassembled form, or as do-it-yourself kits.
Arduino The Arduino project provides the Arduino integrated development environment (IDE), which is a cross-platform application written in the programming language Java. It originated from the IDE for the languages "Processing" and "Wiring". It includes a code editor with features such as text cutting and pasting, searching and replacing text, automatic indenting, brace matching, and syntax highlighting, and provides simple "one-click" mechanisms to compile and upload programs to an Arduino board. It also contains a message area, a text console, a toolbar with buttons for common functions and a hierarchy of operation menus.
Arduino The initial Arduino core team consisted of Massimo Banzi, David Cuartielles, Tom Igoe, Gianluca Martino, and David Mellis, but Barragán was not invited to participate.
Arduino The Arduino board exposes most of the microcontroller's I/O pins for use by other circuits. The "Diecimila", "Duemilanove", and current "Uno" provide 14 digital I/O pins, six of which can produce pulse-width modulated signals, and six analog inputs, which can also be used as six digital I/O pins. These pins are on the top of the board, via female 0.1-inch (2.54 mm) headers. Several plug-in application shields are also commercially available. The Arduino Nano, and Arduino-compatible Bare Bones Board and Boarduino boards may provide male header pins on the underside of the board that can plug into solderless breadboards.