New Approaches to Countering Terror: Countering Violent Extremism

Start Date: 12/01/2019

Course Type: Common Course

Course Link: https://www.coursera.org/learn/countering-terror-violent-extremism

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Introduction
MODULE 1
MODULE 2
MODULE 3

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Bureau of Counterterrorism and Countering Violent Extremism Originally the Office for Combating Terrorism and later the Bureau of Counterterrorism, the bureau's name was expanded in 2016 to include countering violent extremism in its mandate.
Bureau of Counterterrorism and Countering Violent Extremism The Bureau of Counterterrorism and Countering Violent Extremism (CT) is a bureau of the United States Department of State. It coordinates all U.S. Government efforts to improve counter-terrorism cooperation with foreign governments and participates in the development, coordination, and implementation of American counterterrorism policy.
Bureau of Counterterrorism and Countering Violent Extremism In early 2016, the Obama Administration announced an overhaul in the bureau's programs in response to the growing threat of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. Among the changes planned is the reorganization of the bureau into the Bureau of Counterterrorism and Countering Violent Extremism.
Empowering local partners to prevent violent extremism in the United States The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) worries about the potential for government censorship based on the CVE strategy's proposal for countering violent extremism propaganda.
Michael G. Masters As the Executive Director, Masters innovated distinct thought-leadership in the areas of Countering Violent Extremism and Homegrown Violent Extremism through the creation of the Cook County Countering Targeted Violence Against our Communities training program and community engagement initiative.
Michael Keating (United Kingdom) Countering Terrorism and Violent Extremism’ (2015) Paper for The Council of Councils Annual Conference, Council of Foreign Relations
Against Violent Extremism A common theme throughout the event was how much those working to prevent different types of extremism had to learn from one another. On the back of the conversations at SAVE, a permanent global network of former extremists and survivors of violent extremism called Against Violent Extremism was established. This network was officially launched by Google Ideas in New York in April 2012.
Violent extremism The role of education in preventing violent extremism and de-radicalizing young people has only recently gained global acceptance. An important step in this direction was the launch, in December 2015, of the UN Secretary-General’s Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism which recognizes the importance of quality education to address the drivers of this phenomenon.
Countering Foreign Propaganda and Disinformation Act Countering Foreign Propaganda and Disinformation Act is a bipartisan bill which was introduced by the United States Congress on . The bill was initially entitled the Countering Information Warfare Act.
Empowering local partners to prevent violent extremism in the United States Frank Gaffney, Jr. from the Center for Security Policy views countering violent extremism as a "euphemism" that is used "in lieu of phrases that actually describe the nature of the principal enemy we face at the moment"--Islamic extremism. Using violent extremism creates a problem because it excludes non-violent ideological threats that are a threat to the American system. Also, by not focusing on a particular ideology, the implementation of the CVE strategy cannot concentrate on the current threat to U.S. national security and divides scarce resources.
U.S. National Action Plan on Women, Peace, and Security Also in 2015, a New York Times article took President Obama to task for excluding women from regions impacted by violent extremism from a White House Summit on Countering Violent Extremism, "instead of honoring the U.S. NAP’s commitment to include women leaders."
Anne Aly Aly is an active member of Curtin University's The Centre for Culture and Technology (CCAT), leading its Countering Online Violent Extremism research program.
Violent extremism “Push Factors” drive individuals to violent extremism, such as: marginalization, inequality, discrimination, persecution or the perception thereof; limited access to quality and relevant education; the denial of rights and civil liberties; and other environmental, historical and socio-economic grievances.
Violent extremism “Pull Factors” nurture the appeal of violent extremism, for example: the existence of well-organized violent extremist groups with compelling discourses and effective programmes that are providing services, revenue and/or employment in exchange for membership. Groups can also lure new members by providing outlets for grievances and promise of adventure and freedom. Furthermore, these groups appear to offer spiritual comfort, “a place to belong” and a supportive social network.
Against Violent Extremism AVE has its origins in the Summit Against Violent Extremism (SAVE), held in Dublin in the summer of 2011. The first major initiative by Google Ideas, SAVE brought together former extremists and survivors of violent extremism from around the world. The summit saw discussion of the common ground between different extremists, patterns of radicalisation and the factors leading people to leave violent groups.
Fatima Akilu Fatima Akilu is a psychologist and a public speaker in the areas of Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) and Counter Terrorism. She is currently the Executive Director of Neem Foundation, and the former Director of Behavioural Analysis and Strategic Communication at the Office of the National Security Adviser in Nigeria, where she worked on the country's Countering Violent Extremism Programme in 2014. She also is a part of The Global Strategy Network team with industry expert Richard Barrett and other individuals.
Empowering local partners to prevent violent extremism in the United States The National Strategy for Empowering Local Partners, commonly referred to as the countering violent extremism (CVE) strategy, was over a year in the making and is the first such effort by the United States government. The National Security Staff (NSS) led the process of formulating the CVE strategy and implementation plan with an Interagency Policy Committee (IPC) on countering and preventing violent extremism in the U.S. established "to consider roles and responsibilities, potential activities, guiding principles, and how best to coordinate and synchronize [...] efforts". The IPC, along with sub-committees, drafted the CVE strategy which was approved by various government departments and agencies and signed by President Barack Obama. The development of the strategy involved multiple departments and agencies:
Egyptian Revolutionary Council In February 2015, Maha Azzam wrote an open letter to President Obama on the occasion of the Countering Violent Extremism summit. In the letter she stated that an autocratic regime such as General Sisi’s will lead to the kind of destabilized society that leads to violent extremism.
Countering Foreign Propaganda and Disinformation Act The bipartisan bill was written in March 2016 by U.S. Senators Republican Rob Portman and Democrat Chris Murphy. It was introduced by Senator Portman under its initial name Countering Information Warfare Act, on as S.2692. It was introduced as the Countering Foreign Propaganda and Disinformation Act in the United States House of Representatives on as H.R.5181, co-sponsored by Republican Congressman Adam Kinzinger along with Democratic Congressman Ted Lieu. The bill was introduced as the Countering Foreign Propaganda and Disinformation Act in the United States Senate on sponsored by Senator Rob Portman as S.3274.
Kazakhstan–United States relations During his 2015 visit to Astana U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry stated that President Obama appreciated President Nazarbayev's leadership on issues of nuclear nonproliferation and countering violent extremism.