Feminism and Social Justice

Start Date: 05/19/2019

Course Type: Common Course

Course Link: https://www.coursera.org/learn/feminism-social-justice

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About Course

"Feminism and Social Justice" is an adaptation of Distinguished Professor Bettina Aptheker's long-running course at UC Santa Cruz. In the course, Professor Aptheker presents a broad definition of feminism that serves to frame three significant events in the history of feminism and social justice: the Empire Zinc strike of 1951, the 1971-1972 trial of Angela Davis, and the #metoo Movement.

Course Syllabus

What is feminism?
Salt of the Earth
Free Angela!
The #metoo Movement

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Course Introduction

"Feminism and Social Justice" is an adaptation of Distinguished Professor Bettina Aptheker's long-running course at UC Santa Cruz. In the course, Prof

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Social justice feminism Social justice feminism was a movement started by Florence Kelley in the nineteenth century and continued by her protege Molly Dewson in the 1930s. Social justice feminists such as Rose Schneiderman and Mary Anderson strove to pass labor legislation for women to pave the way for protections for all workers. Historian Dorothy Sue Cobble writes in "Halving the Double Day" that activist Katherine Pollak Ellickson "...and many other labor women of her generation composed the core of America's forgotten wave of feminism: the social justice feminism that was the dominant wing of the women's movement from the 1920s to the 1960s."
Martha Nussbaum "Sex and Social Justice" sets out to demonstrate that sex and sexuality are morally irrelevant distinctions that have been artificially enforced as sources of social hierarchy; thus, feminism and social justice have common concerns. Rebutting anti-universalist objections, Nussbaum proposes functional freedoms, or central human capabilities, as a rubric of social justice.
Social justice feminism More recently, activists and writers such as Linda Burnham of the Women of Color Resource Center have proposed an expanded form of social justice feminism that crosses "lines of race, ethnicity, religion, nationality, class, sexual orientation, physical ability and age."
Social feminism Naomi Black in "Social Feminism" (1989) distinguishes social feminism from "equity feminism".
Social feminism However, women are not all necessarily maternalist, and maternal thinking does not necessarily promote the goals of social feminism.
Social feminism Social feminism is sometimes identified with maternal feminism. This philosophy considers that mothering should be used as a model for politics, and women's maternal instincts uniquely qualify them to participate in a "female" sphere.
Social feminism The concept of social feminism is useful in defining a range of activities, but the idea that it is incompatible with radical feminism may be misleading.
Social feminism O'Neill contrasted social feminism with the "hard-core" feminism of women such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony who saw obtaining women's rights or women's suffrage as the main objective. Social feminists typically accepted stereotypes of women as compassionate, nurturing and child-centered, while O'Neill's hard-core feminists were often alienated from these conventions.
Social justice warrior "Social justice warrior" (commonly abbreviated SJW) is a pejorative term for an individual promoting socially progressive views, including feminism, civil rights, multiculturalism, and identity politics. The accusation of being an SJW carries implications of pursuing personal validation rather than any deep-seated conviction, and being engaged in disingenuous social justice arguments or activism to raise personal reputation, also known as virtue signalling.
Social feminism Social feminism, either maternal, cultural or radical, is based on female values.
Social feminism Drinking, smoking, dancing, sexual novelties, daring literature and avant-garde art now filled the vacuum created by the collapse of social feminism."
Social feminism William L. O'Neill introduced the term "social feminism" in his 1969 history of the feminist movement "Everyone Was Brave: The Rise and Fall of Feminism in America". He used the term to cover women involved in municipal civic reform, settlement houses and improving labor conditions for women and children.
Equity feminism There are differences between this and equality feminism or social feminism or difference feminism.
Social feminism Their cautious attempts at social feminism were not successful. Instead, a working women's movement developed within the socialist movement.
Social feminism Social feminism is a term used to describe feminist movements that advocate for social rights and special accommodations for women. It was first used to describe members of the women's suffrage movement in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries who were concerned with social problems that affected women and children. They saw obtaining the vote mainly as a means to achieve their reform goals rather than a primary goal in itself. After women gained the right to vote, social feminism continued in the form of labor feminists who advocated for protectionist legislation and special benefits for women. The term is widely used, although some historians have questioned its validity.
Social feminism In the period after the vote had been won there was a decline in social feminism in the US.
Social feminism In France in the 1890s feminism was mainly confined to bourgeois women. Women such as Eugénie Potonié-Pierre try to broaden the movement by combining their social concerns with their feminism, and to bring working-class women into the feminist movement.
Fourth-wave feminism Besides online feminism, the fourth wave has been associated with the increased focus on intersectionality, including the repudiation of trans-exclusionary radical feminism and a focus on solidarity with other social justice movements.
Social feminism Social feminism endorsed many traditional views of gender roles, did not threaten patriarchal power and may even have reinforced traditional arrangements, but the strategy was successful in 1920 in the campaign for the vote.
Indigenous feminism Cheryl Suzack and Shari M. Huhndorf argue in "Indigenous Women and Feminism: Politics, Activism and Culture" that: "Although Indigenous feminism is a nascent field of scholarly inquiry, it has arisen from histories of women's activism and culture that have aimed to combat gender discrimination, secure social justice for Indigenous women, and counter their social erasure and marginalization -- endeavors that fall arguably under the rubric of feminism, despite Indigenous women's fraught relationship with the term and with mainstream feminist movements." It is important to note that the urgent issues to address Indigenous feminism cross the boundary between what is considered feminist and what is considered indigenous.