Musicianship: Chord Charts, Diatonic Chords, and Minor Keys

Start Date: 02/23/2020

Course Type: Common Course

Course Link:

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About Course

After a tremendous response from learners on Coursera, Berklee Online has created a Developing Your Musicianship specialization, and this course is the second course in the series. If you have a basic knowledge of music theory or if you have completed Developing Your Musicianship I, this course will continue to help you understand key musical concepts, enabling you to create and perform contemporary music. Taught by Berklee College of Music professor George W. Russell, Jr., the course includes four lessons that delve into the next level of harmony and ear training. The course will introduce you to new key signatures, including minor tonalities, and how they are constructed. You will train your ear to hear minor intervals and 7th chords. You will learn how to build 7th chords, and how to build common chord progressions. You will also learn the major pentatonic scale and how to construct melodies using this scale. The course culminates with an assignment that asks you to compose and perform an 8-measure composition using popular chord progressions and the Major pentatonic scale. Just like Developing Your Musicianship I, the course is designed to impart the joy of creating music and sharing it with others.

Course Syllabus

In this lesson, we will spend a little time reviewing the material from Developing Your Musicianship I. We will learn about the Key of F Major and its related minor key, D minor. We will also practice training our ears to hear minor 2nd and 3rd intervals and major and minor 7th chords.

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Course Introduction

Musicianship: Chord Charts, Diatonic Chords, and Minor Keys This course is all about the instrument and technique of playing music and melodies. Our goal is to develop the fundamental concepts of music and art, and to share with you the skills you need to develop them. You will learn the basic concepts of music theory in the key of D and how to read chord names and other musical information such as melodies and triads. You will learn the major and minor keys, how to find the key of a song, and how to use the basic instruments and scales. You will learn how to use melodic intervals and the intervals between chords and how to make melodies out of them. You will learn how to create chords, and how to create chord progressions. You will also learn how to sharpen your playing skills.Chord Charts and the Minor Key Major and Minor Keys: Finding the Key Chords: Technique Melodic Intervals: Sharpening Your Play Chords, Triads, and Modal Intervals: Creating Chords Out of Chords Musicianship: Acoustic Formats and Chord Charts This course is all about the instrument and technique of playing music and melodies. Our goal is to develop the fundamental concepts of music and art, and to share with you the skills you need to develop them. You will learn the basics of acoustic notation and how to read notes and chords. You will learn the major and minor keys, how

Course Tag

Music Performance Piano Music Music composition Music theory

Related Wiki Topic

Article Example
Passing chord In music, a passing chord is a nondiatonic chord that connects, or passes between, the notes of two diatonic chords. "Any chord that moves between one diatonic chord and another one nearby may be loosely termed a passing chord. A diatonic passing chord may be inserted into a pre-existing progression that moves by a major or minor third in order to create more movement." "'Inbetween chords' that help you get from one chord to another are called passing chords."
Diatonic and chromatic On this understanding, the diminished seventh chord built on the leading note is accepted as diatonic in minor keys.
Guitar chord Conventional music uses diatonic harmony, the major and minor keys and major and minor scales, as sketched above. Jazz guitarists must be fluent with jazz chords and also with many scales and modes; "of all the forms of music, jazz ... demands the highest level of musicianship—in terms of both theory and technique".
Minor chord In music theory, a minor chord () is a chord having a root, a minor third, and a perfect fifth. When a chord has these three notes alone, it is called a minor triad. Some minor triads with additional notes, such as the minor seventh chord, may also be called minor chords.
Diatonic and chromatic "Diatonic chords" are generally understood as those that are built using only notes from the same diatonic scale; all other chords are considered "chromatic". However, given the ambiguity of "diatonic scale", this definition, too, is ambiguous. And for some theorists, chords are only ever diatonic in a relative sense: the augmented triad E–G–B is diatonic "to" or "in" C minor.
Chord substitution Tonic substitution is the use of chords that sound similar to the tonic chord (or I chord) in place of the tonic. In major keys, the chords iii and vi are often substituted for the I chord, to add interest. In the key of C Major, the I Major 7 chord is "C, E, G, B," the iii chord ("III-7") is E minor 7 ("E, G, B, D") and the vi minor 7 chord is A minor 7 ("A, C, E, G"). Both of the tonic substitute chords use notes from the tonic chord, which means that they usually support a melody originally designed for the tonic (I) chord.
Altered chord In music, an altered chord, an example of alteration (see below), is a chord with one or more diatonic notes replaced by a neighboring pitch in the chromatic scale. The simplest use of altered chords is the use of "borrowed" chords—borrowed from the tonic minor of a major key, or from the tonic major of a minor key.
Guitar chord the "secondary" (minor) triads ii-iii-vi appear in the relative minor key's corresponding chord progression as i-iv-v (or i-iv-V or i-iv-V7): For example, from C's vi-ii-iii progression Am-Dm-Em, the chord Em is often played as E or E7 in a minor chord progression. Among basic chords, the minor chords (D,E,A) are the tonic chords of the relative minors of the three major-keys (F,G,C):
Nondominant seventh chord Since the V and vii chords are the dominant function chords, the "major minor seventh" V and "half-diminished seventh" vii are the dominant seventh chords. Since the nondominant function chords are I, i, ii, ii, iii, III, IV, iv, vi, and VI, the nondominant seventh chord qualities include the augmented major seventh chord, major seventh chord, minor major seventh chord, minor seventh chord, and major minor seventh chords that do not possess dominant function, such as, in melodic minor, IV.
Major and minor Major and minor chords may each be found in both the major and minor scales, constructed on different degrees of each. For example in the parallel keys on C on the first degree of the major scale a major chord (C-E-G) is constructed while on the first degree of the minor scale a minor chord (C-E-G) is constructed:
Minor major seventh chord A minor major seventh chord, or minor/major seventh chord (written as m, m, −, mM7, m/M7, m(M7), min, m ,m, m, etc.), is a naturally occurring diatonic nondominant seventh chord in the harmonic minor scale. The chord is built on a root, and above that the intervals of a minor third, a major third above that note and above that a major third (see infobox). It can also be viewed as taking a minor triad and adding a major seventh. The traditional numerical notation is based on the degrees of the major diatonic scale, and by this notation a minor major seventh chord is degrees 1, 3, 5, 7 of the major scale. For instance, the Cm chord consists of the notes C, E, G, and B. The chord can be represented by the integer notation {0, 3, 7, 11}.
Common chord (music) A chord is common to, or shared by, six keys: three major keys, and three relative minor keys. For example, a C major chord is contained in F, C, and G major as well as D, A, and E minor.
Common chord (music) Common chords are frequently used in modulations, in a type of modulation known as common chord modulation or diatonic pivot chord modulation. It moves from the original key to the destination key (usually a closely related key) by way of a chord both keys share. For example, G major and D major have 4 chords in common: G, Bm, D, Em. This can be easily determined by a chart similar to the one below, which compares chord qualities. The I chord in G major—a G major chord—is also the IV chord in D major, so I in G major and IV in D major are aligned on the chart.
Chord (music) The second group of sixth chords includes inverted major and minor chords, which may be called "sixth" chords in that the "six-three" () and "six-four" () chords contain intervals of a sixth with the bass note, though this is not the root. Nowadays this is mostly for academic study or analysis (see figured bass) but the neapolitan sixth chord is an important example; a major triad with a flat supertonic scale degree as its root that is called a "sixth" because it is almost always found in first inversion. Though a technically accurate Roman numeral analysis would be II, it is generally labelled N. In C major, the chord is notated (from root position) D, F, A. Because it uses chromatically altered tones this chord is often grouped with the borrowed chords but the chord is not borrowed from the relative major or minor and it may appear in both major and minor keys.
Diatonic and chromatic If the strictest understanding of the term "diatonic scale" is adhered to - whereby only transposed 'white note scales' are considered diatonic - even a major triad on the dominant scale degree in C minor (G–B–D) would be chromatic or altered in C minor. Some writers use the phrase "diatonic to" as a synonym for "belonging to". Therefore a chord can be said to be diatonic if its notes "belong" to the underlying diatonic scale of the key.
Chord progression A chord may be built upon any note of a musical scale, therefore a seven-note scale allows seven basic chords, each degree of the scale becoming the root of its own chord. A chord built upon the note A is an A chord of some type (major/minor/diminished, etc.) The harmonic "function" of any particular chord depends on the context of the particular chord progression in which it is found. ("See" Diatonic function)
Minor chord An example of a minor chord is the C minor chord, which consists of the notes C (root), E (minor third) and G (perfect fifth):
Block chord This technique is common if the melody note is diatonic (and not chromatic) and uses diminished chords for the notes that are not part of the chord. If the melody note is considered a passing tone, the harmony is created either by a diminished chord or a chromatically shifted chord. Before creating the harmonies, the chords could be converted to 6th chords, although this is not a rule.
Secondary leading-tone chord Secondary leading-tone chords may resolve to either a major or minor diatonic triad:
Chord progression Diatonic scales such as the major and minor scales lend themselves particularly well to the construction of common chords because they contain a large number of perfect fifths. Such scales predominate in those regions where harmony is an essential part of music, as, for example, in the common practice period of western classical music. In considering Arab and Indian music, where diatonic scales are used, there are also available a number of non-diatonic scales, the music has no chord changes, remaining always upon the key-chord, an attribute which has also been observed in hard rock, hip hop, funk, disco, jazz, etc.