程序设计与算法 Specialization

Start Date: 07/04/2021

Course Type: Specialization Course

Course Link: https://www.coursera.org/specializations/biancheng-suanfa

About Course

本专项课程旨在系统培养你的程序设计与编写能力。系列课程从计算机的基础知识讲起,无论你来自任何学科和行业背景,都能快速理解;同时我们又系统性地介绍了C程序设计,C++程序设计,算法基础,数据结构与算法相关的内容,各门课之间联系紧密,循序渐进,能够帮你奠定坚实的程序开发基础;课程全部配套在线编程测试,将有效地训练和提升你编写程序的实际动手能力。并通过结业实践项目为你提供应用程序设计解决复杂现实问题的锻炼,从而积累实际开发的经验。因此,我们希望本专项课程能够帮助你完成从仅了解基本的计算机知识到能够利用高质量的程序解决实际问题的转变。

Course Syllabus

计算导论与C语言基础
C程序设计进阶
C++程序设计
算法基础

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Course Tag

Data Structure Algorithms C Programming C++

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Interactive specialization According to the second, the Interactive Specialization (IS)
Specialization (functional) Specialization is when people specialize in one thing or another which they are good at.
Specialization (functional) Adam Smith described economic specialization in his classic work, "The Wealth of Nations".
Star Awards 2011 "Best Costume and Image Design Award" (最佳服装造型)
Academic specialization As the volume of knowledge accumulated by humanity became too great, increasing specialization in academia appeared in response.
Partial template specialization Partial template specialization is a particular form of class template specialization. Usually used in reference to the C++ programming language, it allows the programmer to specialize only some arguments of a class template, as opposed to explicit specialization, where all the template arguments are provided.
Specialization (pre)order For any sober space "X" with specialization order ≤, we have
Academic specialization In academia, specialization (or specialisation) may be a course of study or major at an academic institution or may refer to the field that a specialist practices in.
Specialization (pre)order The specialization order is often considered in applications in computer science, where T spaces occur in denotational semantics. The specialization order is also important for identifying suitable topologies on partially ordered sets, as it is done in order theory.
Specialization (pre)order The specialization order yields a tool to obtain a partial order from every topology. It is natural to ask for the converse too: Is every partial order obtained as a specialization order of some topology?
Specialization (functional) Specialization (or specialisation) is the separation of tasks within a system. In a multicellular creature, cells are specialized for functions such as bone construction or oxygen transport. In capitalist societies, individual workers specialize for functions such as building construction or gasoline transport. In both cases, specialization enables the accomplishment of otherwise unattainable goals. It also reduces the ability of individuals to survive outside of the system containing all of the specialized components.
Functional specialization (brain) Subsequent cases (such as Broca's patient Tan) gave further support to the doctrine of specialization.
Functional specialization (brain) Functional specialization suggests that different areas in the brain are specialized for different functions.
Specialization (pre)order On the other hand, the symmetry of specialization preorder is equivalent to the R separation axiom: "x" ≤ "y" if and only if "x" and "y" are topologically indistinguishable. It follows that if the underlying topology is T, then the specialization order is discrete, i.e. one has "x" ≤ "y" if and only if "x" = "y". Hence, the specialization order is of little interest for T topologies, especially for all Hausdorff spaces.
Cognitive specialization Watson et al. provide support for a specific specialization in language-dependent humor. Its adaptive value has both extrinsic and intrinsic components: humor facilitates social bonding if shared extrinsically, and provides pleasure if enjoyed in one's own mind. In addition, Johnson-Frey (2003) proposed a unique human specialization for tool use. According to Johnson-Frey, humans' ability to use tools is based on complex cognitive mechanisms, not just advanced sensorimotor skills. Rather than it being considered a purely physical specialization based only in motor areas of the brain, Johnson-Frey argues that tool use should be classified as a cognitive phenomenon due to its foundation in cognition. On a more philosophical level, Boyer (2003) argues that "religious thought and behavior" is a specialization that originally developed as a by-product of brain function, and its adaptive purposes led to its continued evolution by natural selection. Krueger et al. (2007) have argued that trust, which may form the foundation for helping and altruism and thus the basis of human social interaction, is also a cognitive specialization.
Specialization (linguistics) Specialization refers to the narrowing of choices that characterizes an emergent grammatical construction. The lexical meaning of a grammaticalizing feature decreases in scope, so that in time the feature conveys a generalized grammatical meaning.
Specialization (linguistics) In linguistics, the term specialization (as defined by Paul Hopper), refers to one of the five principles by which grammaticalization can be detected while it is taking place. The other four principles are: layering, divergence, persistence, and de-categorialization.
Interactive specialization Interactive Specialization is a theory of brain development proposed by the British cognitive neuroscientist Mark Johnson, who is head of the Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development at Birkbeck, University of London, London.
Cognitive specialization Cognitive specialization suggests that certain behaviors, often in the domain of social communication, are passed on to offspring and refined to be maximally beneficial by the process of natural selection. Specializations serve an adaptive purpose for an organism by allowing the organism to be better suited for its habitat. Over time, specializations often become essential to the species' continued survival. Cognitive specialization in humans has been thought to underlie the acquisition, development, and evolution of language, theory of mind, and specific social skills such as trust and reciprocity. These specializations are considered to be critical to the survival of the species, even though there are successful individuals who lack certain specializations, including those diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder or who lack language abilities. Cognitive specialization is also believed to underlie adaptive behaviors such as self-awareness, navigation, and problem solving skills in several animal species such as chimpanzees and bottlenose dolphins.