Start Date: 09/15/2019
Course Type: Common Course
Модуль 1. Сбережения и инвестиции. Способы инвестирования в России.
Модуль 2. Самостоятельное инвестирование. Брокер.
Модуль 3. Самостоятельное инвестирование с плечом. Брокер.
Модуль 4. Коллективное доверительное управление.
|Retail concentration||Retail concentration refers to the market-share generally belonging to the top 4 or 5 mass distribution firms present in a regional market, as a percentage of the total.|
|Retail||In order to maximise the number of selling opportunities, retailers generally want customers to spend more time in a retail store. However, this must be balanced against customer expectations surrounding convenience, access and realistic waiting times. The overall aim of designing a retail environment is to have customers enter the store, and explore the totality of the physical environment engaging in a variety of retail experiences - from browsing through to sampling and ultimately to purchasing. The retail service environment plays an important role in affecting the customer's perceptions of the retail experience.|
|Retail||Once the strategic plan is in place, retail managers turn to the more managerial aspects of planning. A retail mix is devised for the purpose of coordinating day-to-day tactical decisions. The retail mix typically consists of six broad decision layers including product decisions, place decisions, promotion, price, personnel and presentation (also known as physical evidence). The retail mix is loosely based on the marketing mix, but has been modified in line with the needs of the retail context and is often called the "6 Ps of retailing".|
|Retail||The environment in which the retail service encounter occurs is sometimes known as the "retail servicescape." The store environment consists of many elements such as smells, the physical environment (furnishings, layout and functionality), ambient conditions (lighting, temperature, noise) as well as signs, symbols and artifacts (e.g. sales promotions, shelf space, sample stations, visual communications). Collectively, these elements contribute to the "perceived retail servicescape" or the overall "atmosphere" and can influence both the customer's cognitions, emotions and their behaviour within the retail space.|
|Retail||Since 1951, the U.S. Census Bureau has published the Retail Sales report every month. It is a measure of consumer spending, an important indicator of the US GDP. Retail firms provide data on the dollar value of their retail sales and inventories. A sample of 12,000 firms is included in the final survey and 5,000 in the advanced one. The advanced estimated data is based on a subsample from the US CB complete retail & food services sample.|
|Retail||The strategic retail analysis typically includes following elements:|
|Retail||A shopping mall has a range of retail shops at a single outlet. Retail outlets can include food and entertainment, grocery, electronics and fashion located under one roof. Malls provide 7% of retail revenue in India, 10% in Vietnam, 25% in China, 28% in Indonesia, 39% in the Philippines, and 45% in Thailand.|
|Retail||retail market is defined as the retail sales of all products, packed and unpacked where the sale is to end users. Globally, different terms may be used to refer to a retail market. For instance, in the Middle East, a market place may be known as a bazaar or souq/souk|
|Retail||Retail stores may or may not have competitors close enough to affect their pricing, product availability, and other operations. A 2006 survey found that only 38% of retail stores in India believed they faced more than slight competition. Competition also affected less than half of retail stores in Kazakhstan, Bulgaria, and Azerbaijan. In all countries the main competition was domestic, not foreign.|
|Retail||Pricing tactics that are commonly used in retail include:|
|Retail||A Boutique is a small store offering a select range of fashionable goods or accessories. The term, 'boutique', in retail and services, appears to be taking on a broader meaning with popular references to retail goods and retail services such as boutique hotels, boutique beers (i.e. craft beers), boutique investments etc.|
|Retail||See also product management; promotion mix; marketing mix; price; servicescapes and retail design|
|Retail||In 2011, the grocery market in six countries of Central Europe was worth nearly €107bn, 2.8% more than the previous year when expressed in local currencies. The increase was generated foremost by the discount stores and supermarket segments, and was driven by the skyrocketing prices of foodstuffs. This information is based on the latest PMR report entitled Grocery retail in Central Europe 2012 Grocery retail in Central Europe 2012 Retail in Central Europe|
|Retail||Retail trade provides 9% of all jobs in India and 14% of GDP.|
|Reilly's law of retail gravitation||In economics, Reilly's law of retail gravitation is a heuristic developed by William J. Reilly in 1931. According to Reilly's "law," customers are willing to travel longer distances to larger retail centers given the higher attraction they present to customers. In Reilly's formulation, the attractiveness of the retail center becomes the analogy for size (mass) in the physical law of gravity.|
|Retail||The United States retail sector features the largest number of large, lucrative retailers in the world. A 2012 Deloitte report published in "STORES" magazine indicated that of the world's top 250 largest retailers by retail sales revenue in fiscal year 2010, 32% of those retailers were based in the United States, and those 32% accounted for 41% of the total retail sales revenue of the top 250.|
|Retail||In some parts of the world, the retail business is still dominated by small family-run stores, but this market is increasingly being taken over by large retail chains. Most of these stores are called high street stores. Gradually high street stores are being re-grouped in condensed geographical areas along specific streets or districts such as the Magnificent Mile in Chicago, Illinois or at single locations called malls. These are more defined and planned spaces for retail stores and brands.|
|Retail||Retail comes from the Old French word "tailler", which means "to cut off, clip, pare, divide" in terms of tailoring (1365). It was first recorded as a noun with the meaning of a "sale in small quantities" in 1433 (from the Middle French "retail", "piece cut off, shred, scrap, paring"). Like in French, the word "retail" in both Dutch and German also refers to the sale of small quantities of items.|
|Retail Week||"Retail Week" runs an annual conference in London called Retail Week Live for leaders of the retail industry.|
|Retail Council of Canada||The Retail Council of Canada was founded in 1963. It is a Canadian not-for-profit association representing more than 45,000 stores of all retail formats, including independent merchants, regional and national mass and specialty chains, and online merchants. It strives to be the voice of the retail industry "to advance, promote and protect the interests of our members through effective advocacy, communications and education."|